Sunday, March 10, 2013

Top 10 Most Incredible Places on Earth

The earth that the Almighty created is replete with amazing places and landmarks that have no parallel anwhere else other than the only ones. These places are symbols of extremes and are not only awesome but favourite travel sites due to their uniquness.

I came across a listing of 25 such amazing and unique places, famouse for their extremeness, at Funzug and am sharing a selection of these for my readers.

Hottest Inhabited Place — Dallol, Ethiopia

Dallol, northern Ethiopia with an average daily temperature of 34.4 °C (93.9 °F) is considered to be the hottest inhabitable place of the world. The now almost deserted town is with an elevation of about 130 meters below sea level. 

Dallol is also one of the most remote places on Earth. There are no roads; the only regular transport service is provided by camel caravans which travel to the area to collect salt.

Due to extreme temperatures, the town now is little more than a ghost town.

However, it may added here that the Hottest Place on Earth ever recorded was El Azizia in Libya where the temperature reached a scorching 136 degrees Fahrenheit (57.8 Celsius) on Sept. 13, 1922. Making it the hottest place in the world.

Point Farthest From The Earth’s Center — Chimborazo, Ecuador

Although the peak of Mount Everest is the highest point above sea level, because Earth bulges at its equator due to its rotation, the summit of Chimborazo in Ecuador is actually the point on Earth farthest from it’s center and is the highest peak in close proximity to the equator.

The Chimorazo volcano, with a peak elevation of 6,268 metres (20,564 ft), is a currently inactive stratovolcano located in the Cordillera Occidental range of the Andes. Its last known eruption is believed to have occurred around 550 AD.

Most Remote Continental Point — Antarctic Pole Of Inaccessibility

Antarctic Pole of Inaccessibility - A pole of inaccessibility is the point on a continent that is farthest from any ocean, and is a location that is the most challenging to reach owing to its remoteness from geographical features and most distant point from the coastline that could provide access. 

Of the seven continents Antarctica’s is the most remote and yes that is a statue of Lenin you see there.

Flattest Place — Salar de Uyuni, Bolivia

Located at an elevation of 3,656 meters (11,995 ft) above mean sea level, Salar de Uyuni, Bolivia, formed out of several dried up lake beds, is the world’s largest salt flat is 4,086 sq miles (10,582 sq km).

The entire area is covered by a few meters of salt crust, which has an extraordinary flatness with the average altitude variations within one meter over the entire area of the Salar. The crust serves as a source of salt and covers a pool of brine, which is exceptionally rich in lithium. It contains 50 to 70% of the world's lithium reserves.
File:Andean Flamingos Laguna Colorada Bolivia Luca Galuzzi 2006.jpg
[Photo: Wikipedia]

The Salar serves as the major transport route across the Bolivian Altiplano and is a major breeding ground for several species of pink flamingos (as seen above). Salar de Uyuni is also a climatological transitional zone, for towering tropical cumulus congestus and cumulus incus clouds that form in the eastern part of the salt flat during the summer cannot permeate beyond its drier western edges, near the Chilean border and the Atacama Desert (ref Wikipedia)

Most Populous Landlocked Country — Ethiopia

Ethiopia is not only the hottest inhabited place on earth, it is also home to over 70 million people without a coastline, more than any other landlocked nation. With over 91,000,000 inhabitants., it is also the second-most populated nation of the African continent

It is bordered by Eritrea to the north, Djibouti and Somalia to the east, Sudan and South Sudan to the west, and Kenya to the south.  It occupies a total area of 1,100,000 square kilometers (420,000 sq mi), and its capital and largest city is Addis Ababa.

Coldest Inhabited Place — Oymkyakon, Russia

With sub zero temperatures for 7 months out of the year, town of Oymkyakon, Russia with a mere 400 inhabitants suffer long and brutally cold winters. The ground there is permanently frozen.

Oymyakon is located at an elevation of approximately 750 meters above sea level. At the village's northernly position, day length varies from 3 hours in December to 21 hours in June

Longest Coastline of any Country — Canada
[Map: World Atlas]

Canada has a coastline that stretches for 151,019 miles / 356,000 kilometres. It is so stretched that if you were to walk its entire length at a pace of 20 km per day the journey would take you 33 years to complete.

Of the total area of 148,940,000, the Canadian coastline has a coast/area ratio of 2.39 metres/square kilometer.

The next country with the longest coastline is Indonesia with its coast line of 202,080 kilometres.

Shortest River — Roe River, Montana

With everyone always talking about the longest river in the world no one ever mentions anything about which one is the shortest. Well, no more. And frankly speaking I am also of the ones always looking for the Mississippi or the Amazon or the Nile - never for a river with just a couple of hundred feet of length.

The Roe River that flows between Giant Springs and the Missouri River has been named by the Guinness Book of World Records to be the shortest river on Earth at only 201 feet long.

Previously, Oregon's D River was listed in Guinness World Records as the world's shortest river at 440 feet (134 m). This title was lost in 1989 when Guinness, in what was then called The Guinness Book of Records, named the Roe River as the world's shortest. Not to be deterred, the people of Lincoln City submitted a new measurement of the D River to Guinness of about 120 feet (36 m) long, when marked at "extreme high tide". (Wikipedia)

Highest Waterfall — Angel Falls, Venezuela

Whenever the world highest waterfall is taken, a large number of people hurriedly refer to the Niagara Falls. But that is incorrect much to the dismay of the Americans and the Canadians who 'own' the Niagara Falls.

Angel Falls, Venezuela, with a height of 3,211 feet is the highest in the world. In fact, it’s so high that water evaporates before it even reaches the ground!

Lowest Point (in the earth's sea floor) — Challenger Deep

Located at the bottom of the Marianas Trench 10,911 m (35,797 ft) below sea level, Challenger Deep is the lowest point on the earth.

[Map: Visual News]

Challenger Deep is in the Pacific Ocean, at the southern end of the Mariana Trench near the Mariana Islands group. The Challenger Deep is a relatively small slot-shaped depression in the bottom of a considerably larger crescent-shaped oceanic trench, which itself is an unusually deep feature in the ocean floor. Its bottom is about 11 km (7 mi) long and 1.6 km (1 mi) wide, with gently sloping sides.

The depression is named after the British Royal Navy survey ship HMS Challenger, whose expedition of 1872–1876 made the first recordings of its depth.

Only four descents have ever been achieved and only three deep sea divers have had the honour to be 'there'. The first descent by any vehicle was by the manned bathyscaphe Trieste in 1960. This was followed by the unmanned ROVs Kaikō in 1995 and Nereus in 2009. In March 2012 a manned solo descent was made by the deep-submergence vehicle Deepsea Challenger. (Wikipedia)

These expeditions measured very similar depths of 10,898 to 10,916 metres (35,755 to 35,814 ft).

For remaining 15 incredible places, read the full post at Funzug

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