Wednesday, September 7, 2011

Pakistan Region between the 4th Century BCE & the 4th Century CE

By Pervaiz Munir Alvi

Throughout its history Pakistan Region has been part of many empires centered both to the east and to the west of it. Between 4th. Century BCE and 4th. Century CE Pakistan Region, at one time or the other, was part of Mauryan and Gupta Empires based in Central India, Alexandrian Empire based in Greece, Seleucid, Parthian and Sasanian Empires based in Persia, and Kushan Empire based in the Central Asia. 

Here are few maps of the 800 years of political history of Pakistan Region reproduced for information.

Part of Alexandrian (Greek) Empire – 327-326 BCE 
Part of Seleucid (Greek) Empire to the west – 323-247 BCE, and
Mauryan (Indian) Empire to the east – 321-240 BCE 

Part of Parthian Empire to the west - 247 BCE, Graeco-Bactrian - 180 BCE,
Scythian - 140 BCE, Kushan Empire – 50-150 CE to the north; Saka to the south 

Part of Sasanian (Persian) Empire to the west – 232 CE, White Huns, and
Gupta (Indian) Empire to the east – 320 CE

About Pervaiz Munir AlviPervaiz Munir Alvi was born and raised in Pakistan. After graduating from Government College, Lahore (now Government College University) with a Bachelor of Science (B.Sc.) degree Mr. Alvi proceeded to the United States  of America for further studies where he received his Bachelor of Science (B.S.) in Civil Engineering and Master of Science (M.S.) in Geo Technical Engineering from the University of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. Mr. Alvi resides and works in the USA as a consulting GeoTechnical Engineer.